For example, biomedical photonic technologies are crucial for non-invasive clinical monitoring, molecular diagnostics, or imaging of physiological parameters in living cells, humans, and whole organisms. In addition, new optics-based tools have been engineered to manipulate biological systems by, e.g., laser-tweezers or light-switchable dyes and proteins for optogenetics. Regarding microscopy, several fluorescence-based microscopic techniques have been further developed and applied to image biological samples with sub-diffraction resolution. These techniques include pointillism approaches, like photoactivation localization microscopy (PALM), stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM), and structured illumination microscopy (SIM).
Research activities within KSOP span from advanced microscopy to the development of optics-based personal health monitoring. Super-resolution microscopic techniques are further developed into live-cell imaging modes. In addition, intelligent high-content screening microscopes for biological samples, e.g., zebra fish, are engineered. Furthermore, several optical methods for the detection and quantification of biomolecules are developed. These include ultra-sensitive micro-disk resonators, and other bio-functionalized nanophotonic structures for parallel detection in lab-on-a-chip applications (see Research Area IV). Moreover, non-invasive monitoring of essential human blood parameters such as pressure and glucose levels has been developed. Finally, direct laser writing (see Research Area I) is applied to fabricate three-dimensional ‘designer petri-dishes’ to study cell behaviour and stem-cell differentiation.
- Super-resolution Microscopy
- Optical Biosensing
- Tailored three-dimensional Scaffolds for Cell Culture
Involved KIT Faculties and Institutes
- Insitute of Applied Physics (Faculty of Physics)
- Institute of Biomedical Engineering (Faculty of Electrical Engineering)
- Institute of Microstructure Technology (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering)
- Institute of Nanotechnology
- Institute of Organic Chemistry (Faculty of Chemistry and Biosciences)
- Institute for Information Processing Technology (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologie)
- Institute of Toxicology and Genetics
- Zoological Institute (Faculty of Chemistry and Biosciences)